Hammurabi's Code of Laws (circa
CODE OF LAWS
234. If a shipbuilder build a boat of sixty gur
for a man, he shall pay him a fee of two shekels in money.
235. If a shipbuilder build a boat for some one,
and do not make it tight, if during that same year that boat is sent away
and suffers injury, the shipbuilder shall take the boat apart and put it
together tight at his own expense. The tight boat he shall give to the
236. If a man rent his boat to a sailor, and the
sailor is careless, and the boat is wrecked or goes aground, the sailor
shall give the owner of the boat another boat as compensation.
237. If a man hire a sailor and his boat, and
provide it with corn, clothing, oil and dates, and other things of the
kind needed for fitting it: if the sailor is careless, the boat is wrecked,
and its contents ruined, then the sailor shall compensate for the boat
which was wrecked and all in it that he ruined.
238. If a sailor wreck any one's ship, but saves
it, he shall pay the half of its value in money.
239. If a man hire a sailor, he shall pay him
six gur of corn per year.
240. If a merchantman run against a ferryboat,
and wreck it, the master of the ship that was wrecked shall seek justice
before God; the master of the merchantman, which wrecked the ferryboat,
must compensate the owner for the boat and all that he ruined.
275. If any one hire a ferryboat, he shall pay
three gerahs in money per day.
276. If he hire a freight-boat, he shall pay two
and one-half gerahs per day.
277. If any one hire a ship of sixty gur, he shall
pay one-sixth of a shekel in money as its hire per day.
Source of electronic text: Internet
Medieval Source Book.